Thyroid storm is a life-threatening condition of the hyperthyroid state. 26 It most commonly occurs in patients with Graves' disease but may also occur in those with multinodular goiter or toxic adenoma. 27 It is treated by correcting the hyperthyroidism and treating the precipitating events. 26 Correction of the hyperthyroid state involves using drugs such as propylthiouracil or methimazole (Tapazole), beta blockers or corticosteroids, which decrease the peripheral effects of thyroid hormone and the conversion of thyroxine (T 4 ) to the more potent triiodothyronine (T 3 ). 22 , 26 Dexamethasone can be used for that purpose, at a dosage of 2 mg intravenously every six hours, and can eventually can be switched to an oral dosage of 2 mg every six hours. 28
A corticosteroid is a type of medication that is often referred to as a steroid. This powerful medication is used to treat inflammation . For example, it may be used to treat such things as swelling and redness. These medications are also used to treat itching that occurs as the result of allergies or other types of conditions. A doctor may prescribe them for treating a range of illnesses and conditions, including asthma , arthritis, and certain diseases; they are also prescribed for people who are dealing with severe allergies and certain conditions that affect the skin.