Epidural steroid injections are generally very safe, but there are some rare potential complications. One of the most common risks is for the needle to go too deep and cause a hole in the dura, the tissue that surrounds the spinal cord and nerve roots. When this occurs spinal fluid can leak out through the hole and cause a headache . This headache can be treated with bedrest, or with a blood patch. A blood patch involves drawing some blood from the vein and the injecting it over the hole in the dura. The blood forms a seal over the hole and prevents any further fluid from leaking out.
The typical stem cell procedure provider uses an automated one-size-fits-all centrifuge to prepare cells. At Regenexx, our processing allows us to custom tailor our regenerative mixtures for your condition and our patented two-tier processing results in 10 to 20 times more stem cells available for your treatment. While some practices add platelet rich plasma to their stem cell concentrate, we use a proprietary super concentrated platelet mix. By mixing our second generation, lab prepared Platelet Rich Plasma (which contains slow release growth factors) and our third generation platelet lysate (immediately available growth factors), we were able to get adult stem cells to grow many times more than just PRP or platelet lysate alone.
The best reason to have an epidural steroid injection is not for the relief of back pain, but rather for the relief of leg pain caused by spinal nerve compression. Often called sciatica , leg pain caused by nerve irritation is the best reason to have an epidural. These symptoms can be caused by disc herniations or spinal stenosis . We know very well, that general low back pain symptoms are not well treated with an epidural steroid injection, and this should be avoided as a treatment for this type of pain. Back pain is not a good reason to have an epidural injection.