For the pet owner, a serious discussion with your dog's vet is critical in understanding proper use of prednisone and its possible side effects. The list is long and one has to weigh the possible results against the possible side effects. In the past, it was the pet owner's insistence on immediate relief of symptoms that made prednisone the drug of choice for anti-inflammatory action. Today's pet owners are better educated and wiser about long term issues that can be detrimental. Other drugs and treatment options make it possible to alleviate symptoms in the mildly allergic dog without resorting to steroid treatment and should be tried for a period of weeks, even months, before giving up. These options would include a better understanding of day to day attention to environmental factors, improved diet that will build up immunity and often the simple matter of keeping the dog inside in an air conditioned environment during seasonal allergic reactions. When steroid treatment is absolutely needed, the sooner the drug regimen can be completed the better. While steroids may alleviate symptoms, they are not a cure.
Prednisone is a drug that belongs to the corticosteroid drug class, and is an
anti-inflammatory and immune system suppressant. It's used to treat a variety of diseases and conditions, for example: inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's
disease and ulcerative colitis), lupus, asthma, cancers, and several types of
Common side effects are weight gain, headache, fluid retention, and muscle weakness. Other effects and adverse events include glaucoma, cataracts, obesity, facial hair growth, moon face, and growth retardation in children. This medicine also causes psychiatric problems, for example: depression, insomnia, mood swings, personality changes, and psychotic behavior. Serious side effects include reactions to diabetes drugs, infections, and necrosis of the hips and joints.
Corticosteroids like prednisone, have many drug interactions; examples include: estrogens, phenytoin (Dilantin), diuretics, warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven), and diabetes drugs. Prednisone is available as tablets of 1, , 10, 20, and 50 mg; extended release tablets of 1, 2, and 5mg; and oral solution of 5mg/5ml. It's use during the first trimester of pregnancy may cause cleft palate. This medicine is secreted in breast milk and can cause side effects in infants who are nursing. You should not stop taking prednisone abruptly because it can cause withdrawal symptoms and adrenal failure. Talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other medical professional if you have questions about beta-blockers. Talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other medical professional if you have questions about prednisone.
If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist. In the US -Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.